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JDK 1.5 from Sun on Fedora Core 6 (FC6)

For Fedora Core 5 (FC5) version of this page look [ Here ].

For Fedora 7 (F7) version of this page look [ Here ].

What is the problem with FC6 and JDK from Sun?

Several people told me that the instructions here do not work with the latest 1.5.0_10 from Sun. Use 1.5.0_09-fcs for the time being. As you may know Sun is releasing the JDK source code and for this reason alone the whole idea of "compat" may not be a long term vision. The last time I searched Google for 1.5.0_09-fcs something like this came out:
http://java.sun.com/javase/downloads/index_jdk5.jsp
or
https://sdlc3d.sun.com/ECom/EComActionServlet
or
http://www.sun.com/download/
You need to register, go to Download Center, go to Java & Technologies, go to the bottom of the page, find Java 2 Platform, Standard Edition 5.0, click on the download, and so on... You know the routine...

Fedora Core 6 Linux distribution comes with the GNU Java. This is a part of the popular GNU C compiler suite that also includes support for other programming languages, like Fortran. The GNU Java now supports most of the features of Sun Java 1.4 and in many cases can be augmented by additional open source packages to be almost functionally equivalent to the latest JDK from Sun. It has also some important advantages (e.g., option to produce native machine code) but it is by necessity behind with the features of the latest Java Development Kit from Sun. More information can be found at the GNU Compiler for the Java page at: http://gcc.gnu.org/java/. Recently Sun announced that it is legal to redistribute their Java Development Kit, however, it is unlikely that it will be a part of Fedora. The reason for this is that Sun Java Development Kit is not provided with the source code, while the Fedora Core Linux only provides packages that are open source.

In most cases you will be fine with the Open Source, GNU Java. Most open source projects that need Java Development Kit do work with the GNU Java. But some do not... Especially those that push latest standards to the limits and require the latest features of the Java SDK from Sun. With the race to new standards for Java, you may need the Sun's Java SDK, but you also do not want to break the code that assumes that GNU Java is available on your machine. You will definitely need the Sun JDK if you use their latest and greatest IDEs or Enterprise type solutions. But YOU DO NOT WANT TO BRUTALLY DELETE/UNINSTALL the GNU Java or just put the Sun JDK into /opt and change the $JAVA_HOME and $CLASSPATH. Luckily there is a nice solution via alternatives package that comes with Fedora. We are even more lucky that there is a JPackage.org project and that Fedora supports it.

Make Sun JDK your default

Start from becoming a root by logging in as root or by sudo or simply by:

   su -

and get the latest JDK from Sun http://java.sun.com/downloads. Select the Java 2 Platform, Standard Edition (J2SE). Choose the latest edition (at this writing it was 1_5_0_09, i.e., JDK 5.0 Update 9) and get the Linux RPM in self-extracting file (DO NOT DOWNLOAD Linux self-extracting file!). You should get a file like jdk-1_5_0_09-linux-i586-rpm.bin that is about 45 MBytes in size. If it does not have the rpm.bin at the end, you took the wrong one.
Note: There are many approaches to installing Sun JDK under Linux. Some go through the route of building the RPM with paths and directories suitable for Fedora. What I describe here is a different approach in which the original Sun JDK RPM file is used but it is brought into compliance with Fedora via creating symbolic links and the alternatives command through the JPackage.org RPM package.

While you are downloading this large file, please downloads the keys for the JPackage repository:

   rpm --import http://jpackage.org/jpackage.asc

and install the JPackage repository information for the yum:

   cd /etc/yum.repos.d
   wget http://jpackage.org/jpackage.repo

If it did not work, maybe you do not have wget. You can check it with:

  rpm -qi wget

and if you do not have it, install it with:

   yum install wget

and try again to get the jpackage.repo file. The jpackage.repo file comes with the jpackage-general repository enabled. However, I personally disabled the automatic retrieval of updates and packages from the JPackage.org repository by editing the /etc/yum.repos.d/jpackage.repo file and changing line(s) enabled=1 to the enabled=0 . I do not want to risk the situation when, due to some dependency, the new Java packages will be installed on my machine without my knowledge during updates that are run automatically at night. Moreover, Fedora Core 6 default Java packages are already in the Fedora repositories (i.e., were officially blessed by Fedora team), and it is probably better to try these repositories first than to go directly to the JPackage.org and risk messing up some naming convention and/or dependencies. At the same time, JPackage repository can be always enabled in yum by adding the:
--enablerepo=jpackage-generic --enablerepo=jpackage-generic-nonfree
options on the command line. Note... There are Fedora repositories on JPackage.org but there are no files in them from what I see, and there is no repository for the FC6, so do not enable them. Since you will be dealing with RPMs, make also sure that you have packages to manipulate them:

   rpm -qi rpm-build
   rpm -qi fedora-rpmdevtools

If you do not have them, install them:

   yum install fedora-rpmdevtools
   yum install rpm-build

Check if you have packages for GNU Java compiler/libraries installed, since you most likely need to have some symmetry between GNU and Sun JDKs so the alternatives is not confused. But, frankly, I do not know the intrinsics of it, though it cannot hurt and disk space is cheap.

   yum list available '*gcj*'

will list the available but not installed yet pieces of gcj (GNU Java compiler) and you can install these packages as:

   yum install package1 package2...

Please read the man page for alternatives:

   man alternatives

When your Sun JDK Linux RPM self-extracting file finally arrives you need to execute it, since it is a shell script. It contains the license agreement and the compressed RPM package with Sun JDK. It will ask you if you agree to the long license. Say yes, then it will uncompress the RPM with JDK, and then it will install it. To run it do:

   chmod 755 jdk-1_5_0_09-linux-i586-rpm.bin
   ./jdk-1_5_0_09-linux-i586-rpm.bin

Unfortunately, the Sun RPM package puts files in different locations than the ones required by Fedora Core 6. After running the script you will see a new directory /usr/java/jdk1.5.0_09 with JDK files. Note that the actual RPM is left in the directory where you ran the Sun's jdk-1_5_0_09-linux-i586-rpm.bin script, however, you do not need to process the RPM, since script already did it. You may, however, use the RPM package if you want to install the JDK on another machine or if you erased the JDK at some point with a the RPM's rpm -e jdk-1.5.0_09-fcs command. Now, you are ready to install the SUN JDK compatibility RPM from the JPackage.org

   yum --enablerepo=jpackage-generic-nonfree install java-1.5.0-sun-compat

This will create a bunch of links in the /etc/alternatives and /usr/lib/jvm directories and others to the /usr/java/jdk1.5.0_09 directory where the Sun JDK distribution resides. To check which files were affected do:

   rpm -q -l java-1.5.0-sun-compat

Check if the Sun JDK is really a default by doing:

  java -version

If you get:


java version "1.4.2"
gij (GNU libgcj) version 4.1.1 20060525 (Red Hat 4.1.1-1)

Copyright (C) 2006 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is NO
warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

(or similar) then something did not work. If you get:


java version "1.5.0_09"
Java(TM) 2 Runtime Environment, Standard Edition (build 1.5.0_09-b03)
Java HotSpot(TM) Client VM (build 1.5.0_09-b03, mixed mode, sharing)

then the Sun JDK is your default. You can use alternatives to check (or change) the default JDK by:

  alternatives --config java

It should show something like:


There are 2 programs which provide 'java'.

  Selection    Command
-----------------------------------------------
   1           /usr/lib/jvm/jre-1.4.2-gcj/bin/java
*+ 2           /usr/lib/jvm/jre-1.5.0-sun/bin/java

Enter to keep the current selection[+], or type selection number:

Hit [Enter] key if you want Sun JDK to be a default, or enter 1 if you want to change back to GNU Java. The JPackage compatibility should also make you a link for Java plug-in for Firefox browser. To make sure it did, do:

  cd /usr/lib/mozilla/plugins
  ls -l

If you get:


lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root    77 Jun 17 20:47 libjavaplugin_oji.so -> 
  /usr/lib/jvm/java-1.5.0-sun-1.5.0.09/jre/plugin/i386/ns7/libjavaplugin_oji.so

you should be fine. If you do not have it, make this link yourself (but then worry, since something is not right):

  cd /usr/lib/mozilla/plugins
  ln -s /usr/lib/jvm/java-1.5.0-sun-1.5.0.09/jre/plugin/i386/ns7/libjavaplugin_oji.so \
    libjavaplugin_oji.so

The Firefox should look for plug-ins in the /usr/lib/mozilla/plugins directory. If your Firefox still does not work with Java, put the link above also in the directory /usr/lib/firefox-1.5.0.7/plugins, or whatever is your particular version of Firefox that you can dig out from the script that runs it: /usr/bin/firefox or whatever is reported by:

  which firefox

There are different distros of Firefox, so you may be special but for your own sake, use yum to update Firefox.
Now, there will be times, when you want to get rid of Sun JDK and its entries for alternatives. DO NOT TOUCH THESE LINKS WITH YOUR BARE HANDS. Use yum to uninstall the JPackage Java compatibility package first and then erase the Sun JDK with rpm:

yum erase java-1.5.0-sun-compat
rpm -e jdk-1.5.0_09-fcs

Be bold... Do not worry... You can always reinstall it as described above. Of course, you can choose to use rpm command directly rather than yum to work with packages. But yum has a lot of advantages, since it will maintain the packages and upgrades and makes a lot of checks to see if things will not break. But sometimes they break. A popular situation is when you used rpm to install some package (or the package was installed with an install (older package is kept) rather than an update (older package is removed). In this case, yum gets confused with dependencies and complains, and it does not want to install a package. To see if this is a case, list all the installed rpm packages for some package name with a command:

   rpm -qa | grep "^java" | sort

(Helpful suggestion from Bob Gustafson, Thanks!)

for example. If you see two versions of the same rpm, just erase the older (i.e., with the lower revision number) one. Use the

   rpm -e full_package_name_with_version

(but skip the .rpm) and then try yum update or yum install again. I am telling you this, since we will definitely have more javas and compats coming, and the mess happens. For example (at this time a hypothetical one), if you got stuck with two compat packages when updates to the JDK were processed:

   rpm -qa | grep "java-1.5.0-sun-compat"
   java-1.5.0-sun-compat-1.5.0.09-1jpp
   java-1.5.0-sun-compat-1.5.0.10-1jpp

remove the older package as:

   yum erase java-1.5.0-sun-compat-1.5.0.09-1jpp

or, if still no go:

   rpm -e java-1.5.0-sun-compat-1.5.0.09-1jpp

or

rpm -e --nopostun java-1.5.0-sun-devel-1.5.0.09-1jpp
rpm -e --nopostun java-1.5.0-sun-1.5.0.09-1jpp

[ in general, if you see the error: %postun(...) scriplet failed you should try: rpm -e --nopostun the_package_name to delete the stubborn package ].

(Suggestions above from Bob Gustafson, Thanks!)

and check again if something is still left with:

   rpm -qa | grep "^java" | sort

If you are still stuck, try deleting the Sun JDK first, e.g.:

rpm -e jdk-1.5.0_09-fcs

and then try to delete the compat RPMs again. This problem showed up lately while upgrading JDK and we still do not know if this is an ugly bug or an interesting feature.

So... Where the heck is my JAVA_HOME? Relax...

   JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/java
   export JAVA_HOME

or if you are C-shellish:

   setenv JAVA_HOME /usr/lib/jvm/java

Jan K. Labanowski
Computational Chemistry List, Ltd.
http://www.ccl.net

If you think that I erred, please let me know and I will be thankful and will correct... I promise... One more thing (a disclaimer...): If you believed in anything what I said, and lost time and money, it is your fault... I am telling you again... I may have made a mistake, and I do not guarantee that anything will work as described...

jkl at ccl . net
Modified: Tue Sep 4 04:16:04 2007 GMT
Page accessed 116894 times since Sat Jun 17 15:23:37 2006 GMT