Summary: X and modems

 Here is the summary of information I received about X-windows sessions
 over a phone line.  Opinions are mixed.  I haven't had a chance to
 implement any of these options yet, although I will probably try the
 MacX + SLIP configuration when I do.  Thanks to all who responded and I
 apologize for the delay in getting the summary out (I'm working on my
 dissertation - please forgive me ;-) ).
 Pamela Seida
 Bryn Mawr College
 Does anyone know of a way to have an X-windows session over a 9600 baud
 modem from a Mac to a UNIX box of some variety?  Any help would be greatly
 appreciated.  I'll summarize to the net if there is sufficient interest
 (and I get any answers ;-)).
 				Pamela Seida
 				Chemistry Department
 				Bryn Mawr College
 From: shepard.,at, (Ron Shepard)
 Subject: Re:  X and modems
 If you have access to an ARA server on the network, then you can dial
 in from the Mac, run MacX over MacTCP, and have MacTCP running over
 AppleTalk.  You can also run Telnet simultaneously if you choose.
 I have tried to do the same thing using SLIP (and CSLIP) but after a
 few hours of tweaking, I could never get things to work right.  The
 ARA approach worked first time, so I never got around to debugging the
 SLIP connection.  There could well be some performance advantage to using
 SLIP directly.  -Ron
 From: chiremv!andromeda!jeffb.,at,.uunet.UU.NET (Jeff Blaney)
 Subject:  Re: X and modems
 AppleTalk Remote Access software (available from Apple) will let you run
 AppleTalk thru a modem; I use a 14.4 Kb modem.  In addition to standard
 LocalTalk network features (file sharing, email, etc), you can also run
 MacX (and probably other X-servers, although I haven't tried them).
 X performance at 14.4 Kb is very sluggish; I only resort to this when
 Jeff Blaney
 From: Mr Andrew D Allen <chp1aa.,at,>
 Subject: Re: X and modems
 I have not had experience of this specific problem, but if you are attaching to
 the UNIX box from the MAC then you would need to set the display environment
 variable of the UNIX box to the Mac. The by invoking X commands from the unix
 box, your results will be graphically displayed on the Mac.
 Hope this helps,
 From: wolpert.,at, (Edward Wolpert)
 Subject: X and modems
 All I can say is DON'T DO IT!  You will spend alot of cash, and hate what you
 get.  Trust me.  :(
 I have a 9600 v42bis mmp5 modem.  ($180 mac warehouse)  I have a free dial-up
 slip connection to the university I work at, and who gave my home computer a
 IP address.  (This is absouletly needed to connect to an X-client, since they
 are tcp/ip dependent.  You can also use ppp, but slip is more universal, and
 I can't find a good ppp modual for the MacTCP program.)
 	There are many programs to use to connect.  I get the slip mac
 program, and mactcp from using VersaTerm Link (about $200 with university
 discount).  This provides a pop mailer, newsreader, a Great terminal
 emulation program, and links to a gopher.  (Actually, for mail I use LeeMail,
 and smtp mail program on the shareware market... about $20)
 	Mac-X will allow you to accecpt X-windows... with programs like
 Sybyl, or other graphic programs, make sure your monitor is sun-quality.
 Mac-X is about $250 or more.  If you want a UNIX/X-window enviorment, you can
 use aux, but this changes alot about your mac, and not very mac-like ($495)
 MachTen is much better than aux... it runs as an application, so you can have
 system 7.1 and unix.  Good multitasking enviorment.  ($200)  With X-windows,
 add another $200 though.  The UNIX programs may come with a slip or ppp
 program, so check them out first.
 	Here is the problem... you will endup spending at least $500.
 X-windows is nice, but on normal mac monitors, the dot resolution is bigger
 than most X-servers, so the window on a mac is usually much bigger, and
 clumsy.  Also, X is very tcp/ip active, meaning everytime you move the mouse,
 it sends info across the slip connection.  My 9600 (et al) modem, with
 compression and slip/compression, will overall connect at 38.7Kbaud.  The
 lines are dirty (Voice, not data ready) so error correction is a _must_ and
 slows down the line.  UNIX is a 32bit operating system, X is also 32bit.
 Every movement is send 32bits over the slip.  God forbid you also get mail at
 the same time.  It's neat at first, having X at home, but after a while, I
 just get fed-up and head back to the university to do real work.
 	Having a home tcp/ip connection is wonderful, and versaterm link,
 leemail, and turbogopher (+finger and talk from the sumex-aim archive) is
 better than anything I can ask for, and I suggest it to anyone.  I routinely
 login to my unix accounts to do work from home.  But it is impossible to use
 X at such a slow speed.  Try it out if you can, I may just be picky.
 	Edward Wolpert
 |wolpert.,at,      |                                     |
 |wolpert.,at,      | (Sign on Doctor's Office Door...)   |
 |wolpert.,at,      |                                     |
 |wolpert.,at,         |        Dr. Godot's Office           |
 |wolpert.,at,          |          Be Back in Five            |
 |wolpert.,at,    |                                     |
 |wolpe... you get the picture   |                                     |
 From: Anders.Sundin.,at,
 Yes it is possible to use X-windows on a Macintosh computer as a server
 and a UNIX computer as a client over a serial line. (Yes the Mac
 is a server, not a client...)
 However, you do need the proper hardware and software to do this.
 Computing center.                                       Home.
 AppleTalk Remote Access server                          ARA client
 Macintosh with modem--------------Telephone line--------Macintosh with modem
  LocalTalk net
  bridge------Ethernet-----UNIX computer
 Your Macintosh runs MacX (which includes MacTCP) and AppleTalk Remote
 Access client software.
 The computing center has Macintosh and modem set up as an AppleTalk Remote
 Access server. You also have to have a FastPath bridge (or equivalent)
 somewhere on the computing center network to properly encapsulate the IP
 traffic before it is passed over the ARA link. Set up MacTCP so it gets its
 IP address from the FastPath bridge.
 I just tried to use X-windows over an ARA link and it worked fine.
 xman updated its window in about 3 seconds over a 14400 baud ARA link.
 PS There are probably other ways to do this (eg SLIP).
  Anders Sundin                   e-mail: Anders.Sundin.,at,
  Organic Chemistry 2                     ok2aps.,at,.selund.bitnet
  Lund University, P.O. Box 124   voice:  +46 46 104130
  S-22100 Lund, Sweden            fax:    +46 46 108209
 From: Song Liu <sliu.,at,>
 You can try using MacSlip  and Mac-X, I tried MacSLIP and Telnet, it
 worked for us.
 Song Liu
 UC, Irvine
 From: shepard.,at, (Ron Shepard)
 >Thanks for your suggestion.  I have what may be a dumb question...what
 >is an ARA server?
 ARA stands for AppleTalk Remote Access.  It allows you to connect a
 remote mac to a network.  The remote mac can connect either to an
 existing Mac on the network (i.e. if you have two macs, one in an office
 and one at home) or you can connect to an ARA server.  An ARA server is a
 box connected to one or more modems and to a localtalk network that
 allows remote Macs to call in and establish connections.
 Once connected you can mount appleshare devices, print to network
 printers, etc.  Basically anything that a mac connected directly to
 the network can do, the remote mac can do over the phone line.  This
 includes running Telnet and MacX over the network (provided there is
 an ethernet-localtalk gateway somewhere on the localtalk network).
 Hope this helps. -Ron
 From: (Dr.) Dave Winkler <dave.,at,>
 Subject: Re: X and modems
 I believe you simply have to implement SLIP (serial line internet protocol) on
 your Iris and use SLIP on your Mac.  I don't know how bad the performance would
 be but would like to find out as I want to do this too.  Does anyone know
 whether Mac-X supports a SLIP connection?
    Dr. David A. Winkler                        Voice: 61-3-542-2244
    Principal Research Scientist                Fax:   61-3-543-8160
    CSIRO Division of Chemicals and Polymers
    Private Bag 10
    Clayton, Australia.
 From: Lyle Wiedeman <wiedeman.,at,>
 Status: OR
 The only way we have achieved that here is to run MacX on the Mac,
 and use SLIP over the serial line.  Since I was not personally
 involved in setting it up, I wouldn't be able to tell you how to
 assemble the pieces, however :-(
 	Lyle Wiedeman                 Office of Academic Computing
 	wiedeman.,at,              Univ. Calif. Irvine
 	wiedeman.,at,.UCI.BITNET           Irvine, CA  92717
     	(714) 856-8718	    	      FAX (714) 725-2069
 From: Anders.Sundin.,at,
 >I believe you simply have to implement SLIP (serial line internet protocol)
 >your Iris and use SLIP on your Mac.  I don't know how bad the performance
 >be but would like to find out as I want to do this too.  Does anyone know
 >whether Mac-X supports a SLIP connection?
 MacX does not have to know about SLIP. You only have to indicate
 a SLIP connection in MacTCP. There is a free (?) Macintosh SLIP from
 InterCon. Archie found the latest version at
 Host    (
 Last updated 19:59 14 Sep 1993
  Location: /incoming
   FILE    -rw-r-----  351360 bytes  11:07  2 Aug 1993  InterSLIP1.0fc3.sit.bin
 I don't have SLIP on any UNIX computer so I have not tried it.
  Anders Sundin                   e-mail: Anders.Sundin.,at,
  Organic Chemistry 2                     ok2aps.,at,.selund.bitnet
  Lund University, P.O. Box 124   voice:  +46 46 104130
  S-22100 Lund, Sweden            fax:    +46 46 108209
 From: CHEM810.,at,.QUCDN.QueensU.CA
 I know very little about macs.  However, there is a public domain UNIX for
 the i386/486 chips called linux which, I believe, has ben ported to the
 mac.  It uses x11 as it's windowing environment, and individuals at our
 institution have used it to run remote X-sessions across ZyXEL 16.8 kbaud
 modems.  However, sending X codes across serial lines is a painfully slow
 process.  A minimal linux/X installation is also 50+ Mbytes.  Good luck,
 Mark Anderson
 Queen's University
 Kingston, Ontario, Canada
 From: Jim Gano/Chemistry <JGANO.,at,>
   Exodus, an X-Window emulator for the Mac will run over a modem.
 The problem is not running over the modem but rather modem speed
 sufficient to get usable results.  2400 baud is definitely not sufficient.
 9600 might be.  We have people running a Tektronix emulator over a 9600
 baud line to do things like the Cambridge database.  They find it
 Jim Gano
 Department of Chemistry
 University of Toledo
 Toledo, Ohio 43606